Australian authorities said the focus would move "over the coming weeks" to an intensified undersea search in the quest to find out what happened to the Malaysia Airlines flight that disappeared on 8 March with 239 people aboard.
Eight nations have been involved in the unprecedented Indian Ocean hunt (Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Japan, South Korea, the United States, Britain and China) with more than 300 sorties flown across a vast expanse of water in the search for debris.
But with nothing to show for their efforts to scan more than 4 500km² from the air since 18 March, the planes have been stood down.
"Most of the aircraft will have left by the end of today", a spokesperson for the Australian-led joint agency co-ordination centre told the media, although an Australian P-3 Orion would remain on standby in Perth.
The United States, Japan, New Zealand and Malaysia all confirmed that their aircraft were returning to base. There was no immediate word from China, which accounted for most of the passengers on board.
As many as 14 ships from Australia, China and Britain were involved in scanning the ocean surface for debris or black box signals but many of these are also pulling out.
"Some need to head back to port and refuel and give the crew a rest, others will go back to doing what they were doing for their respective nations before they joined the search", the spokesperson said.
"In essence, the surface search has been scaled back. We will keep a few vessels out there and others on standby, but the large-scale air and sea search have ended."
Underwater search 'could take eight months'
On Monday, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced the focus would shift to an expanded underwater search across a huge swathe of seabed where the plane might have crashed, admitting it was now "highly unlikely" that any surface wreckage would be found.
A US Navy submersible Bluefin-21 has been scouring a 314km² zone centred around one of the transmissions believed to have come from the plane's black box flight recorders before their batteries died.
But it too has failed to find anything, with poor weather hampering efforts on Wednesday.
Abbott said an area of up to 56 000km² of the ocean floor would be scoured in the new search with the Bluefin remaining in operation along with other technology, possibly a specialised side-scan sonar.
He estimated it would take six to eight months.